Matthew 19 - 23

Preparing disciples for ministry
Entry into Jerusalem
Conflict with Religious Leaders

Mat - 19. Teaching the 12, Keep the 10 commandments
Mat - 20. Parable of the vinyard, heavenly privileges belong to God,
Mat - 21. Entering Jerusalem, parables against the priests
Mat - 22. Parable of the wedding feast, confounding the religious leaders
Mat - 23. Religious authority and abuse of the authority

MAT - 19

The Pharisees asked Jesus if it was right for a man to put away his wife; and Jesus told them, "Have ye not read that He which made them at the beginning made them male and female; and said 'for this cause shall a man leave father and mother and shall cleave to his wife; and they twain shall be one flesh.' Wherefore they are no more twain but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder."

Then they asked why Moses commanded them to give a writing of divorcement, and Jesus responded, "Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts, suffered you to put away your wives; but from the beginning it was not so. And I say unto you, whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery. And whoso marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery."

    Changes to written law

When the disciples said that it was not good to marry if this was true, Jesus responded, "All men cannot receive this saying, save they to whom it is given. For there are some eunuchs which were so born from their mother's womb, and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men; and there be eunuchs which have made themselves eunuchs for the Kingdom of Heaven's sake.

"He that is able to receive it, let him receive it."

    Jesus teaches Disciples

When the disciples prevented people from bringing children to Him, Jesus told them, "Suffer little children, and forbid them not to come unto Me; for of such is the Kingdom of Heaven."

    About the Kingdom

A wealthy man came to Jesus calling Him "Good Master" and asking what he would have to do to have eternal life; and Jesus responded, "Why callest thou Me good? There is none good but one, that is God. But if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments."

When he asked which commandments to keep, Jesus said, "Thou shalt do no murder, thou shalt not commit adultery, thou shalt not steal, thou shalt not bear false witness, honour thy father and thy mother, and thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself."

    About the Law

The man said that he had done so, and wondered what he still lacked. Jesus said, "If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast and give to the poor; and thou shalt have treasure in Heaven. And come and follow Me."

When the man heard this, he went away; and Jesus told his disciples, "Verily I say unto you that a rich man shall hardly enter into the Kingdom of Heaven. And again I say unto you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter into the Kingdom of God."

    About the Kingdom

When the disciples asked how any could be saved, Jesus told them, "With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible."

Peter noted that the disciples had given up all and followed him, and asked what they should receive for this. Jesus answered, "Verily I say unto you, that ye which have followed Me in the regeneration when the Son of Man shall sit in the throne of his glory; ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And every one that hath forsaken houses or brethren or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or lands for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold and shall inherit everlasting life.

"But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first."

    Jesus teaches Disciples

MAT - 20

"For the Kingdom of Heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire laborers into his vineyard. And when he had agreed with the laborers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.

"And when he went out about the third hour and saw others standing idle in the marketplace, and said unto them, 'Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you.' And they went their way.

"Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise. And about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing idle and saith unto them, 'Why stand ye here all the day idle?' They say unto him, 'Because no man hath hired us.' He saith unto them, 'Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.'

"So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, call the laborers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first.

    About the Kingdom

"And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny. But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more, and they likewise received every man a penny. And when they had received it, they murmured against the good-man of the house, saying, 'These last have wrought but one hour, and thou has made them equal unto us which have borne the burden and heat of the day.'

"But he answered one of them, and said, 'Friend, I do thee no wrong. Didst not thou agree with me for a penny? Take that thine is, and go thy way; I will give unto this last even as unto thee. Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil because I am good?'

"So the last shall be first, and the first last; for many be called, but few chosen."

    About the Kingdom

Then Jesus took the twelve apart and told them, "Behold, we go up to Jerusalem and the Son of Man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn Him to death, and shall deliver Him to the gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify Him. And the third day He shall rise again."

    Other Prophesy

Then the sons of Zebedee with their mother came to Jesus and He asked her, "What wilt thou?"

When they asked special favor in Heaven, He told them, "Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?"

When they answered that they were, He continued, "Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with. But to sit on my right hand and on my left is not mine to give; but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father."

The others would have been angry with the sons of Zebedee, but Jesus told them, "Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise domination over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them; but it shall not be so among you. But whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister; and whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant, even as the Son of Man came not to be ministered unto but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many."

    Jesus teaches Disciples
    About the Kingdom

Two blind men addressed Jesus as the son of David, and He asked them, "What will ye that I shall do unto you?" They asked for their sight and Jesus healed them.

MAT - 21

When they neared Jerusalem, Jesus sent two disciples, directing them, "Go into the village over against you. And straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her. Loose them and bring them unto Me. And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say the Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them."

After his entry to Jerusalem upon the Ass, Jesus went to the temple and drove out the moneychangers and those who sold saying, "It is written, 'My house shall be called the house of prayer,' but ye have made it a den of thieves."

    Other Prophesy
    Other disciple demonstrations

Then Jesus healed in the temple, and children sang his praises and disturbed the priests. He said to them, "Yea, have ye never read, 'Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou has perfected praise?'"

The next morning, when Jesus was hungry and went to a fig tree but found no fruit, He said to it, "Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever," and it soon withered away. He told the disciples, "Verily I say unto you, if ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this which is done to the fig tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain be thou removed and be thou cast into the sea, it shall be done. And all things whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive."

    Other disciple demonstrations
    Other Curses

When the chief priests and elders challenged the authority of Jesus, He answered them, "I also will ask you one thing, which if ye tell Me, I in like wise will tell you by what authority I do these things. The baptism of John, whence was it; from Heaven or of men?"

When they told Him that they could not tell, He said, "Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.

"But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first and said, son, go work to day in my vineyard. He answered and said, I will not; but afterward he repented and went. And he came to the second and said likewise; and he answered and said, I go sir, and went not.

"Whether of them twain did the will of his father?"

When they answered that the first son did, Jesus said to them, "Verily I say unto you that the publicans and harlots go into the Kingdom of God before you. For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not; but the publicans and the harlots believed him. And ye, when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.

    Jesus attacks or Defends
    Other Curses
    About the Kingdom

"Hear another parable. There was a certain householder which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.

"And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen that they might receive the fruits of it. And the husbandmen took his servants and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another. Again, he sent other servants more than the first; and they did unto them likewise. But last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, they will reverence my son.

"But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, this is the heir; come, let us kill him and let us seize on his inheritance. And they caught him and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him.

"When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen?"

They answered that he would destroy the husbandmen and let the vineyard out to others. Jesus continued, "Did ye never read in the scriptures, 'The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner.' This is the Lord's doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes. Therefore say I unto you, the Kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof. And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder."

    Other disciple demonstrations
    About the Kingdom
    Other Curses

MAT - 22

"The Kingdom of Heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son, and sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding; and they would not come.

"Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, 'tell them which are bidden: behold, I have prepared my dinner; my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready. Come unto the marriage.'

"But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise. And the remnant took his servants and entreated them spitefully, and slew them. But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth; and sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.

"Then saith he to his servants, 'The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy. Go ye therefore into the highways; and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage.'

"So those servants went out into the highways and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good, and the wedding was furnished with guests.

"And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment; and he saith unto him, 'Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment?' and he was speechless.

"Then said the king to the servants, 'Bind him hand and foot and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness.'

"There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, for many are called, but few are chosen."

    About the Kingdom

The disciples of the Pharisees with the Herodians came to Jesus asking Him if it is lawful to give tribute unto Caesar. Jesus answered, "Why tempt ye Me, Ye hypocrites?

"Shew Me the tribute money."

When they showed Him a coin, Jesus said to them, "Whose is this image and superscription?"

When they responded that it was Caesar, He instructed them, "Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's."

    Jesus attacks or Defends

The Sadducees asked Jesus if a woman had many brothers to wife, whose wife would she be in the resurrection. Jesus answered, "Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures nor the power of God. For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in Heaven.

"But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying, 'I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.' God is not the god of the dead, but of the living."

A lawyer asked which was the great commandment, and Jesus told him, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it: thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets."

    Jesus attacks or Defends

Jesus asked the Pharisees, "What think ye of Christ, whose son is He?"

When they answered, "David," He asked them, "How then doth David in spirit call Him Lord, saying, 'The Lord said to my Lord, sit thou on my right hand till I make thine enemies thy footstool.' If David then call Him Lord, how is He his son?"

MAT - 23

Jesus spoke to the disciples and to those who were there, "The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat. All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do. But do not ye after their works, for they say and do not. For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders. But they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers. But all their works they do for to be seen of men. They make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, and love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, rabbi, rabbi.

"But be not ye called rabbi; for one is your master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren. And call no man your father upon the Earth, for one is your Father which is in Heaven. Neither be ye called masters, for one is your master, even Christ.

"But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant, and whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abashed, and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

    Jesus teaches Disciples

"But woe unto you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; for ye shut up the Kingdom of Heaven against men. For ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in.

"Woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer. Therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.

"Woe unto you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; for ye compass sea and land to make one proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him twofold more the child of hell then yourselves.

    About the Kingdom

"Woe unto you ye blind guides which say, 'whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor.' Ye fools and blind; for whether is greater, the gold or the temple that sanctifieth the gold? And whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing, but whosoever sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is guilty. Ye fools and blind; for whether is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the gift? Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon, and whoso shall swear by the temple, sweareth by the throne of God and by Him that sitteth thereon.

    Other Curses

"Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law; judgment, mercy, and faith. These ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. Ye blind guides, which strain at a gnat and swallow a camel.

"Woe unto you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; for ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess. Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first that which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also.

    Changes to written law

"Woe unto you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; for ye are like unto whited sepulchres which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men's bones and all uncleanness. Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.

"Woe unto you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous; and say, 'If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.' Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets. Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

"Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell.

"Wherefore, behold I send unto you prophets and wise men and scribes; and some of them ye shall kill and crucify, and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues and persecute them from city to city; that upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the Earth from the blood of righteous Abel unto the Blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the Altar.

"Verily I say unto you, all these things shall come upon this generation.

    Other Curses

"O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets and stonest them which are sent unto thee. How often would I have gathered thy children together even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not. Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. For I say unto you, ye shall not see Me henceforth till ye shall say blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord."

    About Jerusalem

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