PRINCIPLES OF ADMINISTRATION: REENGINEERED
In 1916, Henri Fayol published his principles of administration. It was based on bringing intelligence to bear in an area of managerial chaos. This work has become the foundation for modern administration, and has been restricted to the upper reaches of larger organizations.
Fayol’s work has been kept separate from that of his
contemporary, Frederick Taylor, the Father of Industrial Engineering.
Performance-management and administration each developed on their own. These two have been kept separate from the beginning. Performance management was largely restricted to foreman-level applications. Administration felt that they were to run organizations as operating entities, not to specifically concern themselves with the details of performance.
As industry bloomed during the 20th century, we find these two theories of management controlling the tops and bottoms of organizations, but the middle was left without any consistent and effective guidance. As we progressed through the 20th century, there was a steady growth in the size and expense of middle management and internal-support systems. In the latter decades, we can observe the realization that these mid-level efforts had grown so expensive that they threatened overall efficiency of organizations. The push was on to do “management improvement.”
Management by goals was one early and consistent approach. Minimizing deficiencies in operation was another. But then it was not yet time for change; and one magic-pill improvement program after another was applied, with much noise about its success but no effective decrease in mid-level expenses.
The work of Fayol and Taylor are brought together by management engineering. The first application established basic techniques for applying performance management above the foreman level. The techniques of management engineering provide mid-level management with the tools to assure organizational efficiency from the standpoint of performance. It applies to the work of management and to internal support systems.
Administration under the principles of Henri Fayol did not change. They have become the anchor that resists any organization-level changes designed to promote performance management.
Principles of Administration: Reengineered is the result of the second application, and it provides a workable set of principles and understandings that are so effective that the administrator who uses these will replace one who does not. With the increased focus on gaining results through an organization, these principles are so potent that those who know and use them will be the next generation of senior administrators.
This new administrative adventure goes beyond the coverage provided by Fayol. The work has a few new principles specifically directed to administrative efforts to enhance organizational performance. The work contains a second set of principles for being effective when working within an executive family. This book also contains principles for performance-based ethics, addressing a subject of great concern for the modern administrator.
This work is being published, and should become available in January 2007.